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The Real Reason …

… for America’s Hostility to China

Fabius Maximus Website (October 15 2014)

Summary: Americans who read the news know that China is a designated bad guy, which justifies the full deployment of US power to contain it. Efforts by China to resist (or even defend itself) show its malevolent intent. Here is the rest of the story – the true story.

What is America’s strategy to manage China? To discover the opinion of US elites, I first turn to The Economist (or Stratfor): “They have returned”, 12 August 2010 – “China should worry less about America’s ‘containment’ strategy and more about why the neighbours welcome it”. The Economist’s attempt to distract us from the containment program shows that China should worry about US efforts to contain it. To understand this conflict, we begin with the previous global struggle.

 

 

The “Long War” is a term for the conflict that began in 1914 with the First World War and concluded in 1990 with the end of the Cold War. The Long War embraces the First World War, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Spanish Civil War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the War in Vietnam and the Cold War. The Long War can be understood as a single conflict fought over the constitutional issue of what form of the nation-state – fascist, communist or parliamentary – would succeed the imperial states of the 19th century.

– Interview with Philip Bobbit, author of The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace, and the Course of History (2003).

 

 

I believe the Long War was won by “market-based States”, not “parliamentary” states. Now the US attempting to retain its hegemony over the other market-based nation-states – especially China. From 1950 to 1972 one of the top goals of American foreign policy was to contain China. This culminated in the Vietnam War, as described in the memorandum from Secretary of Defense McNamara to President Johnson, dated 3 November 1965. The opening of the memo is clear:

 

 

The February decision to bomb North Vietnam and the July approval of Phase I deployments make sense only if they are in support of a long-run United States policy to contain Communist China. China – like Germany in 1917, like Germany in the West and Japan in the East in the late 1930s, and like the USSR in 1947 – looms as a major power threatening to undercut our importance and effectiveness in the world and, more remotely but more menacingly, to organize all of Asia against us.

The long-run US policy is based upon an instinctive understanding in our country that the peoples and resources of Asia could be effectively mobilized against us by China or by a Chinese coalition and that the potential weight of such a coalition could throw us on the defensive and threaten our security. This understanding of a straightforward security threat is interwoven with another perception – namely, that we have our view of the way the US should be moving and of the need for the majority of the rest of the world to be moving in the same direction if we are to achieve our national objective.

 

 

After Nixon went to China, from 1972 to 2001 the US pursued a policy of engagement. But China’s unexpected hypergrowth transformed it from a trading partner and distant threat into a current rival – and after 2001 US policy changed from cooperation to quiet containment.

A New Era Begins: Back to Containment

 

 

Mr President, if that’s what you want there is only one way to get it. That is to make a personal appearance before Congress and scare the hell out of the country.

– Senator Arthur Vandenberg’s tells Truman how to start the Cold War. On 12 March 1947 Truman did exactly that. From Put Yourself in Marshall’s Place by James P Warburg (1948). In 1941 Warburg helped develop wartime propaganda programs.

 

 

Mobilizing against China required a propaganda blitz to (again) demonize the Red Peril. With almost a century of experience at this, US Department of Defense (“DoD”) did so quickly and skillfully. America put up only slight resistance (for example, “China: Containment Won’t Work” by Henry A Kissinger, an op-ed in the Washington Post on 13 June 2005).

In April 2015 Qiao Liang (乔良) gave a speech explaining how China’s leadership sees their relationship with America. He is well-positioned to do so as a major general in China’s People’s Liberation Army (and co-author of Unrestricted Warfare (1999), the revolutionary book about military strategy in the nuke and Fourth Generation Warfare (“4GW”) era. He describes America as an imperial power with China as its greatest and inevitable threat.

He believes America fears not just China’s growing economic and military power, but its growing global influence. For example, in November 2014 China began the Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect, facilitating foreign investment in China’s stocks. More significantly, in January 2016 the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank opened for business – an alternative to the World Bank, dominated by the US, Japan, and EU .

General Qiao Liang believes America’s quiet containment efforts explains recent events (emphasis on quiet: the 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review says little about China). Occupying Afghanistan helps block China to the West. He believes America has created a regional crisis to turn China’s neighbors into bickering foes. He mentions the Cheonan sinking event {2010}, the dispute over the Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Islands in Chinese), the dispute over Scarborough Shoal (the Huangyan Island in Chinese), the planned (and aborted) May 2014 Occupy Central protest in Hong Kong, and the territorial dispute over the 981 rig.

The general says “China used Tai chi movements to cool down each crisis” (Chinese martial arts). Wikipedia has a good entry about America’s new China containment program.

Why has China Built those Island Bases?

China sees America as the aggressor, unjustly using military and geopolitical power to pen it in. America has invaded many nations since World War Two (two in first few years of this century). We cannot justly deny their legitimate need to build a defensive screen against our immense naval and air power.

Conclusions

 

 

“… aggressive, self-confident women ready to play their role, believing in themselves, in their careers, in their right to make decisions here and overseas, supremely confident in what they represented … It would be very exciting, and even better, great gains would be made at little cost.

– Describing the new Kennedy administration, from Halberstam’s The Best and the Brightest (1993); the original text referred, of course, to “men” not “women”.

 

 

Great power rivalries are inevitable. World War Two shows how easily they spin out of control. Are we being prudent or paranoid by leaning so heavily on China with so little evidence that is a threat us? We might feel the consequences, since Hillary Clinton’s national security team is the most belligerent since the Kennedy-Johnson team – the experts that so eagerly started the Vietnam War.

For More Information

See a note by General Qiao Liang published in Xinhua describing how the US is “Containing China by Agents”: http://chinascope.org/m/content/view/2316/103/

Also important is his 2010 speech about China’s geopolitical strategy:  http://chinascope.org/m/content/view/2696/76/.

For more about economics seen from China’s perspective: https://fabiusmaximus.com/2014/09/25/soros-hedge-funds-economic-war-72152/.

If you liked this post, like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. See all posts about China, and especially these …

* https://fabiusmaximus.wordpress.com/2010/07/12/19014/

* https://fabiusmaximus.wordpress.com/2010/11/11/23354/ over America.

* https://fabiusmaximus.wordpress.com/2010/11/11/23354/

* https://fabiusmaximus.com/2013/06/04/51100/

* https://fabiusmaximus.com/2015/05/26/simon-hunt-analysis-of-china-84960/

* https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/02/06/stratfor-future-of-china-geopower-93831/

* https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/07/19/china-takes-the-lead-in-supercomputing-98343/

* https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/09/17/stratfor-builds-new-silk-road-99124/

https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/10/14/why-america-contains-china/

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